The horizon is the line where the land or sea appears
to meet the sky.
If an artist wants us to feel like we are
looking at the painting from higher above, the horizon
line will be put further up in the painting.
If an artist
wants us to feel like we are looking at the painting
from below, the horizon line will be put
lower down in the painting.
Landscape paintings are split into 3 main parts: foreground,
middleground and background.
Land in the background appears
more blue and pale than land towards the front. Artists
makes things look further away by painting them a pale
things look closer by painting them a dark colour.
Artists give a feeling of distance by making the hoizontal lines of objects and
bulidings meet at a 'Vanishing Point'. The point is placed on the horizon line.
as the lines move together.
Landscapes in the Gallery
There are lots of landscapes to see at the Birmingham Art Gallery!
'Landscape Near Rome with a
View of the Pont Molle' by Claude Lorrain.
The artist makes us feel as if the
painting goes far back
into the distance using aerial perspective. Colours in
the background are much paler than those in the foreground.
'Rue a Pontoise' by Maurice
could also be
described as a cityscape. The artist uses linear perspective
in his painting, making the horizontal lines join together
at the vanishing point.